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List of Ramsar Wetlands Sites in India

Dashamlav | 22 February 2020 (अंतिम बदलाव: 4 November 2020)

Whats is a Wetland?

Definition of wetland: Wetlands are the areas where water covers the soil, or water is present either at or near the surface of the soil all year or for varying periods of time during the year, including during the growing season.

Examples of wetlands: Marshes, wet meadows, swamps, floodplains of rivers, areas along the margins of lakes and ponds, mangrove swamps etc.

What are Ramsar Wetlands?

An international convention was held in 1971 at Ramsar (Iran) for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. This convention resulted in an international treaty which is now known as the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat. Recognizing the importance of wetlands, a list of all important wetland sites has been created under the treaty. These sites are called the Ramsar Wetlands.

Important Points to Remember about Ramsar Wetlands

  • Ramsar Convention is not affiliated to the United Nations.
  • Treaty under Ramsar Convention is not a legally binding one.
  • World Wetland Day is celebrated on 02 February every year as the treaty was originally signed on this day in the year 1971.
  • Currently, there are over 2300 Ramsar Sites in the World.

List of Ramsar Wetlands Sites in India

List of Ramsar Wetlands Sites in India
1. Ashtamudi Wetland Kerala
2. Beas Conservation Reserve Punjab
3. Bhitarkanika Mangroves Odisha
4. Bhoj Wetland Madhya Pradesh
5. Chandertal Wetland Himachal Pradesh
6. Chilika Lake Odisha
7. Deepor Beel Assam
8. East Calcutta Wetlands West Bengal
9. Harike Lake Punjab
10. Hokera Wetland Jammu and Kashmir
11. Kanjli Punjab
12. Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan
13. Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve Punjab
14. Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh
15. Loktak Lake Manipur
16. Nalsarovar Gujarat
17. Nandur Madhameshwar Maharashtra
18. Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary Punjab
19. Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
20. Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
21. Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
22. Pong Dam Lake Himachal Pradesh
23. Renuka Wetland Himachal Pradesh
24. Ropar Punjab
25. Rudrasagar Lake Tripura
26. Saman Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
27. Samaspur Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
28. Sambhar Lake Rajasthan
29. Sandi Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
30. Sarsai Nawar Jheel Uttar Pradesh
31. Sasthamkotta Lake Kerala
32. Sundarban Wetland West Bengal
33. Surinsar-Mansar Lakes Jammu and Kashmir
34. Tsomoriri Ladakh
35. Upper Ganga River Uttar Pradesh
36. Vembanad-Kol Wetland Kerala
37. Wular Lake Jammu and Kashmir

Facts about Indian Ramsar Sites

  • India became a party to the Ramsar Convention in 1981
  • 37 Ramsar Wetlands sites are located in India.
  • Chilika Lake & Keoladeo National Park are the first two wetlands sites that were allotted the status of Ramsar Sites in India.
  • Vembanad-Kol Wetland is the largest Indian wetland.
  • Renuka Wetland is the smallest Indian wetland.
  • Loktak Lake and Keoladeo National Park are also included in the Montreux Record.
  • Harike Lake is a man-made wetland formed on the river Sutlej

What is the Montreux Record?

Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on Ramsar List where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. In toto, there are 48 International sites are listed in Montreux Record.

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