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Vembanad-Kol Wetland

Details of the Indian Ramsar Site: Vembanad-Kol Wetland
Site NameVembanad-Kol Wetland
Ramsar Site Number1214
Ramsar Designation Date19 Aug 2002
Area151250 hectares
CategoriesMarine or coastal wetland
Intertidal forested wetland
Estuarine water
min / max
1 / 2
Listed in Montreux Record?No
Spans over more than one country?No
The largest brackish, humid tropical wetland ecosystem on the southwest coast of India, fed by 10 rivers and typical of large estuarine systems on the western coast, renowned for its clams and supporting the third largest waterfowl population in India during the winter months. Over 90 species of resident birds and 50 species of migratory birds are found in the Kol area. Flood protection for thickly-populated coastal areas of three districts of Kerala is considered a major benefit, groundwater recharge helps to supply well water for the region, and the value of the system for the local transport of people and trade is considerable.
Pollution, Agricultural and forestry effluents, Industrial and military effluents, Household sewage, urban waste water, Human settlements (non agricultural), Commercial and industrial areas, Housing and urban areas, Agriculture & aquaculture, Annual and perennial non-timber crops, Natural system modifications, Vegetation clearance/ land conversion
Last updated on 12 April 2021 06:26:30
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