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Pong Dam Lake

Details of the Indian Ramsar Site: Pong Dam Lake
Site NamePong Dam Lake
StateHimachal Pradesh
Ramsar Site Number1211
Ramsar Designation Date19 Aug 2002
Area15662 hectares
CategoriesHuman-made wetland
Water storage area/Reservoir
min / max
450 / 450
Listed in Montreux Record?No
Spans over more than one country?No
A water storage reservoir created in 1975 on the Beas River in the low foothills of the Himalaya on the northern edge of the Indo-Gangetic plain. The RIS notes that "at a time when wetlands in northern India are getting reduced due to extensive drainage and reclamation, the avian habitats formed by the creation of the Pong Dam assume a great significance" - given the site's location on the trans-Himalayan flyway, more than 220 bird species have been identified, with 54 species of waterfowl. Hydrological values include monsoon-season flood prevention, both in the surroundings and downstream due to water regulation, groundwater recharge, silt trapping and prevention of soil erosion; electricity is generated for this and neighboring states, and irrigation water is being channeled to fertile areas of the Punjab and Rajasthan deserts. Low-yield subsistence fishing existed prior to impoundment, but since, a lucrative fishery has grown up, with 27 fish species and a yield increasing markedly each year - some 1800 fishermen now have direct employment and 1000 families benefit indirectly. A nature conservation education centre is found on the island of Ransar or Ramsar (sic). Recent management strategies have shifted away from law enforcement and use restrictions towards more participatory approaches and community awareness, and the site is well suited to "community-based ecotourism".
Natural system modifications, Vegetation clearance/ land conversion, Dams and water management/use, Biological resource use, Hunting and collecting terrestrial animals, Fishing and harvesting aquatic resources, Logging and wood harvesting, Energy production and mining, Renewable energy, Agriculture & aquaculture, Annual and perennial non-timber crops
Last updated on 12 April 2021 06:26:30
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