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Bhitarkanika Mangroves

Details of the Indian Ramsar Site: Bhitarkanika Mangroves
Site NameBhitarkanika Mangroves
Ramsar Site Number1205
Ramsar Designation Date19 Aug 2002
Area65000 hectares
CategoriesMarine or coastal wetland
Coastal brackish / saline lagoon
Estuarine water
min / max
2 / 4
Listed in Montreux Record?No
Spans over more than one country?No
One of the finest remaining patches of mangrove forests along the Indian coast - 25 years of continued conservation measures have made the site one of the best known wildlife sanctuaries. The site's Gahirmatha beach is said to host the largest known Olive Ridley sea turtle nesting beach in the world, with half a million nesting annually, and the site has the highest density of saltwater crocodile in the country, with nearly 700 Crocodylus porosus. It is a major breeding and wintering place for many resident and migratory waterbirds and is the east coast's major nursery for brackish water and estuarine fish fauna. Like many mangrove areas, the dense coastal forests provide vital protection for millions of people from devastating cyclones and tidal surges - of India's 58 recorded species of mangroves, 55 species are found in Bhitarkanika, a wider mangrove diversity than in the Sundarbans! Traditionally, sustainable harvesting of food, medicines, tannins, fuel wood, and construction materials, and particularly honey and fish, has been the rule, but population pressures and encroachment may threaten that equilibrium.
Water regulation, Salinisation, Human settlements (non agricultural), Housing and urban areas, Agriculture & aquaculture, Marine and freshwater aquaculture, Annual and perennial non-timber crops, Biological resource use, Fishing and harvesting aquatic resources, Gathering terrestrial plants, Hunting and collecting terrestrial animals, Logging and wood harvesting, Natural system modifications, Unspecified/others, Vegetation clearance/ land conversion
Last updated on 12 April 2021 06:26:30
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