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Hokera Wetland

Details of the Indian Ramsar Site: Hokera Wetland
Site NameHokera Wetland
StateJammu and Kashmir
Ramsar Site Number1570
Ramsar Designation Date08 Nov 2005
Area1375 hectares
CategoriesInland wetlands
Permanent Freshwater springs
min / max
1584 / 1584
Listed in Montreux Record?No
Spans over more than one country?No
Located at the northwest Himalayan biogeopgraphic province of Kashmir, back of the snow-draped Pir Panchal (1,584m asl.), Hokera wetland is only 10 km from scenic paradise of Srinagar. A natural perennial wetland contiguous to the Jhelum basin, it is the only site with remaining reedbeds of Kashmir and pathway of 68 waterfowl species like Large Egret, Great Crested Grebe, Little Cormorant, Common Shelduck, Tufted Duck and endangered White-eyed Pochard, coming from Siberia, China, Central Asia, and Northern Europe. It is an important source of food, spawning ground and nursery for fishes, besides offering feeding and breeding ground to a variety of water birds. Typical marshy vegetation complexes inhabit like Typha, Phragmites, Eleocharis, Trapa, and Nymphoides species ranging from shallow water to open water aquatic flora. Sustainable exploitation of fish, fodder and fuel is significant, despite water withdrawals since 1999. Potential threats include recent housing facilities, littered garbage, and demand for increasing tourist facilities.
Pollution, Agricultural and forestry effluents, Garbage and solid waste, Natural system modifications, Unspecified/others, Vegetation clearance/ land conversion, Human settlements (non agricultural), Housing and urban areas, Invasive and other problematic species and genes, Problematic native species, Water regulation, Water abstraction
Last updated on 12 April 2021 06:26:30
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