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Details of the Indian Ramsar Site: Kanjli
Site NameKanjli
Ramsar Site Number1160
Ramsar Designation Date22 Jan 2002
Area183 hectares
CategoriesHuman-made wetland
Water storage area/Reservoir
Inland wetland
min / max
210 / 0
Listed in Montreux Record?No
Spans over more than one country?No
A permanent stream, the Kali Bein, converted by construction of a small barrage in 1870 into a water storage area for irrigation purposes. The site fulfils Criteria 3 because of its importance in supporting a considerable diversity of aquatic, mesophytic, and terrestrial flora and fauna in the biogeographical region, and acts also as a key regulator of groundwater discharge and recharge with the seasons. By this means and by direct abstraction of water for irrigation by the local population, the site plays a crucial role in the agriculture which predominates on the surrounding fertile plain, with fewer pressures upon water supplies than elsewhere in the Punjab. The invasive water hyacinth is present and must be removed from time to time; increasing pollution levels, deforestation in the catchment area, and excessive grazing are seen as potential threats. The stream is considered to be the most significant in the state from the religious point of view, as it is associated with the first guru of the Sikhs, Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji. The stream itself and surrounding marsh is under provincial ownership and surrounding areas privately owned. The site is a center for environmental tourism and picnicking.
Natural system modifications, Unspecified/others, Dams and water management/use, Vegetation clearance/ land conversion, Agriculture & aquaculture, Livestock farming and ranching, Invasive and other problematic species and genes, Invasive non-native/ alien species, Pollution, Unspecified, Industrial and military effluents, Household sewage, urban waste water, Human settlements (non agricultural), Housing and urban areas, Commercial and industrial areas
Last updated on 12 April 2021 06:26:30
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