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Chandertal Wetland

Details of the Indian Ramsar Site: Chandertal Wetland
Site NameChandertal Wetland
StateHimachal Pradesh
Ramsar Site Number1569
Ramsar Designation Date08 Nov 2005
Area49 hectares
CategoriesInland wetland
Permanent freshwater lake
Tundra wetland
min / max
4337 / 4337
Listed in Montreux Record?No
Spans over more than one country?No
A high altitude lake on the upper Chandra valley flowing to the Chandra river of the Western Himalayas (4,337m asl.) near the Kunzam pass joining the Himalayan and Pir Panchal ranges. It supports CITES and IUCN Redlisted Snow Leopard and is a refuge for many species like Snow Cock, Chukor, Black Ring Stilt, Kestrel, Golden Eagle, Chough, Red Fox, Himalayan Ibex, and Blue Sheep. These species, over the years, have developed special physiological features as adaption strategies to cold arid climate, intense radiation, and oxygen deficiency. Some 65% of the larger catchment is degraded forest due to overgrazing by the nomadic herdsmen, while 35% are covered by grasslands. Other threatening factors to this fragile and sparse vegetation are summer trekking, littering waste, and lack of sanitation facilities. Since declaring the site a nationally important wetland in 1994, the authorities have been providing funds for ecotourism facilities. Spiti Forest Department is the custodian and State Council of Science, Technology and Environment is coordinating conservation management.
Human settlements (non agricultural), Tourism and recreation areas, Human intrusions & disturbance, Recreational and tourism activities, Pollution, Garbage and solid waste, Household sewage, urban waste water, Agriculture & aquaculture, Livestock farming and ranching, Transportation and service corridors, Roads and railroads
Last updated on 12 April 2021 06:26:30
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