Sandi Bird Sanctuary
|Sandi Bird Sanctuary
The Sanctuary is located in the Bilgram tehsil of Hardoi district in state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is just 1 Km from the Sandi town, 19 Km from city Hardoi and 129 Km from Lucknow, the state capital.
|Ramsar Site Number
|Ramsar Designation Date
|26 Sep 2019
Permanent freshwater marsh/pool
min / max
|111 / 115
|Listed in Montreux Record?
|Spans over more than one country?
|Sandi Bird Sanctuary is a freshwater marsh in the Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh. The wetland is typical of the Indo-Gangetic plains and receives most of its water from monsoon rains. Rich in aquatic plants, the Site provides a productive habitat for waterfowl with over 40,000 individuals counted in 2018. It is home to over 1% of the South Asian populations of common teal (Anas crecca), red-crested pochard (Netta rufina) and ferruginous duck (Aythya nyroca), while the vulnerable sarus crane (Grus antigone) has a population of 200 individuals within the Sanctuary. These figures justify its designation as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. The wetland is a popular recreational and tourism destination and supports surrounding farmers as a source of livestock fodder. Drought presents a threat; the Sanctuary dried out leading to a subsequent collapse in waterbird populations from 2014 to 2015.
|Water regulation, Water abstraction, Agriculture & aquaculture, Annual and perennial non-timber crops, Human intrusions & disturbance, Recreational and tourism activities, Invasive and other problematic species and genes, Invasive non-native/ alien species, Natural system modifications, Vegetation clearance/ land conversion, Climate change & severe weather, Droughts