Tropic of Cancer and the Countries it Passes through

Tropic of Cancer is the northern-most latitude on Earth where the Sun can be directly overhead once in a year during the summer solstice. It lies 23°26′ north of the Equator. Interestingly, the location of Tropic of Cancer is constantly changing. It is changing because of the slight shifting in Earth’s longitudinal alignment vis-a-vis the orbit of the Sun. However, the rate of change is relatively very slow. Notably, the southern counterpart of Tropic of Cancer is the Tropic of Capricorn.

Tropic of Cancer passes through 16 countries. Dashamlav has prepared a continent-wise list of these countries below.


  1. Egypt
  2. Libya
  3. Niger
  4. Algeria
  5. Mali
  6. Mauritania

countries where tropic of cancer, tropic of capricorn and the equator passes through


  1. Saudi Arabia
  2. United Arab Emirates
  3. Oman
  4. India (see this list of states)
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Myanmar
  7. China
  8. Taiwan

South America

  1. Mexico
  2. Bahamas

Please note that the Western Sahara which is situated in the African continent is a disputed territory claimed by Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Hence, it is not included while calculating the number of countries above.