List of Param Vir Chakra Award Winners

Param Vir Chakra is India’s highest gallantry award bestowed by the Government of India. It is awarded for the “most conspicuous bravery in the presence of the enemy”. Peacetime equivalent of Param Vir Chakra is Ashok Chakra.

First recipient of Param Vir Chakra was Major Somnath Sharma; his awarded was gazetted on 21 June 1950. So far, Param Vir Chakra has been awarded 21 times. Of these, 14 awards have been given posthumously.

20 Param Vir Chakra award winners have been from Indian Army and only one from the Indian Air Force. Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon is the only Air Force officer to have been awarded the Param Vir Chakra posthumously in 1971.

Indian Navy has never won a Param Vir Chakra so far.

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As per a convention in the Indian Army when a PVC awardee appears in ceremonial uniform – everybody would salute him, including the Army Chief, in the Army irrespective of rank. There is, however, no legal provision exists for this.

Param Vir Chakra Award composition: A circular bronze medal on a purple ribbon. The words “Param Vir Chakra” are written in Hindi and English. A cash allowance is given to awardees under the rank of lieutenant and in some cases a cash award.

param vir chakra award medal

List of Param Vir Chakra Award Winners

List of Param Vir Chakra Award Winners
Rank (at the time of award) and Name Armed Force Unit Date of action Conflict Place of action
Major Somnath Sharma Indian Army Kumaon Regiment 3 November 1947 * Battle of Badgam Badgam, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Naik Jadu Nath Singh Indian Army Rajput Regiment 6 February 1948 * Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 Naushera, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane Indian Army Bombay Sappers 8 April 1948 Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 Naushera, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Company Havildar Major Piru Singh Shekhawat Indian Army Rajputana Rifles 17 July 1948 * Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 Tithwal, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Lance Naik Karam Singh Indian Army Sikh Regiment 13 October 1948 Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 Tithwal, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria Indian Army 1 Gorkha Rifles 5 December 1961 * Congo Crisis Élisabethville, Katanga, Congo
Major Dhan Singh Thapa Indian Army 8 Gorkha Rifles 20 October 1962 Sino-Indian War Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Subedar Joginder Singh Sahnan Indian Army Sikh Regiment 23 October 1962 * Sino-Indian War Tongpen La, NEFA, India
Major Shaitan Singh Indian Army Kumaon Regiment 18 November 1962 * Sino-Indian War Rezang La, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Company Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid Indian Army The Grenadiers 10 September 1965 Battle of Asal Uttar Khemkaran, India
Lieutenant Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore Indian Army Poona Horse 11 September 1965 * Battle of Chawinda Phillora, Sialkot, Pakistan
Lance Naik Albert Ekka Indian Army Brigade of the Guards 3 December 1971 * Battle of Hilli Gangasagar, Agartala, India
Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon Indian Air Force No. 18 Squadron IAF 14 December 1971 * Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal Indian Army Poona Horse 16 December 1971 * Battle of Basantar Barapind-Jarpal, Shakargarh, Pakistan
Major Hoshiar Singh Dahiya Indian Army The Grenadiers 17 December 1971 Battle of Basantar Basantar River, Shakargarh, Pakistan
Naib Subedar Bana Singh Indian Army Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry 23 May 1987 Operation Rajiv Siachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Major Ramaswamy Parameshwaran Indian Army Mahar Regiment 25 November 1987 * Operation Pawan Sri Lanka
Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey Indian Army 11 Gorkha Rifles 3 July 1999 * Operation Vijay Khaluber/Juber Top, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav Indian Army The Grenadiers 4 July 1999 Battle of Tiger Hill Tiger Hill, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Rifleman Sanjay Kumar Indian Army Jammu & Kashmir Rifles 5 July 1999 Kargil War Kargil, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Captain Vikram Batra Indian Army Jammu & Kashmir Rifles 5 July 1999 * Operation Vijay Kargil, Jammu and Kashmir, India
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* indicates Param Vir Chakra was awarded posthumously.

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