Vitamins and Minerals Deficiency Diseases

Vitamins and minerals are essential for the health of our body. Vitamins are organic compounds that are required in small amounts in our diet. These micro-nutrients help maintaining vital functions of life. Therefore it is obvious that the deficiency of any of the vitamins or minerals can cause diseases. The following table lists such illnesses / diseases.

Vitamin Deficiency Diseases
Vitamin Deficiency disease
Vitamin A (Retinol) Night blindness
Vitamin B 1 (Thiamine) Beriberi , Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Vitamin B 2 (Riboflavin) Ariboflavinosis , glossitis , angular stomatitis
Vitamin B 3 (Niacin) Pellagra
Vitamin B 5 (Pantothenic acid) Paresthesia
Vitamin B 6 (Pyridoxine) Anemia, Peripheral neuropathy
Vitamin B 7 (Biotin) Dermatitis , enteritis
Vitamin B 9 (Folic acid) Megaloblastic anemia
Vitamin B 12 (Cyanocobalamin) Vitamin B 12 deficiency anemia
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) Scurvy
Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol) Rickets
Vitamin E (Tocopherols) Deficiency is very rare; mild hemolytic anemia in infants
Vitamin K (Phylloquinone) Non-clotting of Blood

 

Mineral Deficiency Diseases
Types of Minerals Deficiency Diseases
Calcium Brittle bones, excessive bleeding
Phosphorus Bad teeth and bones
Iron Anemia
Iodine Goiter, enlarged thyroid gland
Copper Low appetite, retarded growth
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