Newspapers and journals have played a critical role in the dissemination of information during the Indian struggle for freedom. It was widely used by the Indian freedom fighters as the mode of mass communication. Here is the full list of all important newspapers, journals, and weeklies that were published during the British Rule in India.
Major English Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule
|1780||Bengal Gazette||James Augustus Hicky||Newspaper|
|1853||Hindoo Patriot||Madhusudan Ray||Weekly newspaper|
|1862||Indian Mirror||Devendra Nath Tagore||Newspaper|
|1878||Hindu||Vir Raghavacharya and G.S. Aiyar||Newspaper|
|1896||Prabuddha Bharata||P. Aiyasami, B. R. Rajam Iyer, G. G. Narasimhacharya, and B. V. Kamesvara Iyer at the behest of Swami Vivekananda||Monthly journal|
|1905||Bande Mataram||Aurobindo Ghosh||Newspaper|
|1910||Bombay Chronicle||Firoze Shah Mehta||Newspaper|
|1911||Comrade||Maulana Mohammad Ali||Weekly newspaper|
|1914||New India||Annie Besant||Daily newspaper|
|1919||Young India||M. K Gandhi||Weekly journal|
|1924||Hindustan Times||Sunder Singh Lyallpuri||Daily newspaper|
|1932||Harijan||M. K Gandhi||Weekly journal|
|1936||Free Hindustan||Tarak Nath Das||Journal|
Major Bengali Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule
|1819||Samvad Kaumudi||Ram Mohan Roy||Weekly newspaper|
|1858||Som Prakash||Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar||Weekly newspaper|
Major Hindi Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule
|1913||Pratap||Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi||Newspaper|
|1936||Hindustan Dainik||M.M. Malviya||Newspaper|
Major Gujarati Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule
|1854||Rast Goftar||Dadabhai Naoroji||Newspaper|
|1929||Nav Jeevan||M. K Gandhi||Weekly newspaper|
Major Urdu/Persian Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule
|1822||Mirat-ul-Akbar||Raja Ram Mohan Roy||Journal|
|1871||Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq||Sir Syed Ahmed Khan||Journal|
|1912||Al-Balagh||Abul Kalam Azad||Weekly newspaper|
|1912||Al-Hilal||Abul Kalam Azad||Weekly newspaper|
Major Marathi Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule
|1920||Mook Nayak||B.R. Ambedkar||Weekly|
Major Multilingual Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule
|1868||Amrita Bazar Patrika||Sisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh||Newspaper||Bengali & English|
|1888||Sudharak||Gopal Ganesh Agarkar||Newspaper||Anglo-Marathi|
|1903||Indian Opinion||M. K Gandhi||Newspaper||Gujarati, Hindi, Tamil, and English.|
Frequently Asked Questions: History of Press in India
Here are the answers to some of the most commonly asked questions regarding the history of the Indian Press.
Q1. Who brought the press to India?
It was the Portuguese who introduced the printing press to India.
Q2. Which was the first book to be published by the Portuguese in India?
Jesuits of Goa was the first book to be published in India by the Portuguese.
Q3. Who published the first newspaper in India?
James Augustus Hickey is the man behind India’s first published newspaper Bengal Gazette. The newspaper was first published in the year 1780.
Q4. What was the title of the first Indian newspaper?
It was known as Hicky’s Bengal Gazette or the Original Calcutta General Advertiser.
Q5. What was the objective of Licensing Regulations of 1823?
As per the Licensing Regulations of 1823, press without a license was a penal offense.
Q6. What was the Vernacular Press Act of 1878?
Vernacular Press Act was statutory legislation enacted during the British Rule (India) in the year 1878. The objective of the Act was to curtail the freedom of the vernacular press and thereby prevent the Indian language press from criticizing the British policies.