List of Important Newspapers & Journals during Indian Freedom Struggle

Newspapers and journals have played a critical role in the dissemination of information during the Indian struggle for freedom. It was widely used by the Indian freedom fighters as the mode of mass communication. Here is the full list of all important newspapers, journals, and weeklies that were published during the British Rule in India.

banner image for major journals and newspapers during British India Rule

Major English Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule

Year Name Founder Type
1780 Bengal Gazette James Augustus Hicky Newspaper
1853 Hindoo Patriot Madhusudan Ray Weekly newspaper
1862 Indian Mirror Devendra Nath Tagore Newspaper
1878 Hindu Vir Raghavacharya and G.S. Aiyar Newspaper
1896 Prabuddha Bharata P. Aiyasami, B. R. Rajam Iyer, G. G. Narasimhacharya, and B. V. Kamesvara Iyer at the behest of Swami Vivekananda Monthly journal
1905 Bande Mataram Aurobindo Ghosh Newspaper
1910 Bombay Chronicle Firoze Shah Mehta Newspaper
1911 Comrade Maulana Mohammad Ali Weekly newspaper
1914 New India Annie Besant Daily newspaper
1919 Independent Motilal Nehru Newspaper
1919 Young India M. K Gandhi Weekly journal
1924 Hindustan Times Sunder Singh Lyallpuri Daily newspaper
1932 Harijan M. K Gandhi Weekly journal
1936 Free Hindustan Tarak Nath Das Journal

Major Bengali Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule

1819 Samvad Kaumudi Ram Mohan Roy Weekly newspaper
1858 Som Prakash Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Weekly newspaper
1899 Udbodhana Swami Vivekananda Magazine

Major Hindi Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule

1913 Pratap Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Newspaper
1936 Hindustan Dainik M.M. Malviya Newspaper

Major Gujarati Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule

1854 Rast Goftar Dadabhai Naoroji Newspaper
1929 Nav Jeevan M. K Gandhi Weekly newspaper
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Major Urdu/Persian Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule

1822 Mirat-ul-Akbar Raja Ram Mohan Roy Journal
1871 Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Journal
1912 Al-Balagh Abul Kalam Azad Weekly newspaper
1912 Al-Hilal Abul Kalam Azad Weekly newspaper

Major Marathi Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule

1881 Kesari B.G. Tilak Newspaper
1920 Mook Nayak B.R. Ambedkar Weekly

Major Multilingual Newspapers and Journals during the British Rule

Year Name Founder Newspaper/ Journal Language
1868 Amrita Bazar Patrika Sisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh Newspaper Bengali & English
1888 Sudharak Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Newspaper Anglo-Marathi
1903 Indian Opinion M. K Gandhi Newspaper Gujarati, Hindi, Tamil, and English.

Frequently Asked Questions: History of Press in India

Here are the answers to some of the most commonly asked questions regarding the history of the Indian Press.

Q1. Who brought the press to India?

It was the Portuguese who introduced the printing press to India.

Q2. Which was the first book to be published by the Portuguese in India?

Jesuits of Goa was the first book to be published in India by the Portuguese.

Q3. Who published the first newspaper in India?

James Augustus Hickey is the man behind India’s first published newspaper Bengal Gazette. The newspaper was first published in the year 1780.

Q4. What was the title of the first Indian newspaper?

It was known as Hicky’s Bengal Gazette or the Original Calcutta General Advertiser.

Q5. What was the objective of Licensing Regulations of 1823?

As per the Licensing Regulations of 1823, press without a license was a penal offense.

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Q6. What was the Vernacular Press Act of 1878?

Vernacular Press Act was statutory legislation enacted during the British Rule (India) in the year 1878. The objective of the Act was to curtail the freedom of the vernacular press and thereby prevent the Indian language press from criticizing the British policies.

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