DNA Codon Chart of Amino Acids (and Reverse Table as well)

A codon or triplet is a sequence of three nucleotide. This triplet of nucleotide determines the amino acid to be used during protein synthesis process. One codon indicates exactly one amino acid or the end of the protein synthesis process. However, more than one codons can indicate the same amino acid. There can are a total of 64 codons. Of these, 61 codons code for an amino acid (and three are stop codons).

Start codon is the first codon in the messenger RNA (mRNA) transcript. The most common start codon is ATG is DNA sequence. Start codon always codes for methionine in eukaryotes and a modified methionine (fMet) in bacteria, mitochondria and plastids.

A stop codon signals the end of the translation of protein. TTA, TAG and TGA are the three stop codons. A premature stop codon a sequence mutation type that results in the coding of a stop codon prematurely in the reading frame. Stop codons are recognized by release factors (eRF1 and eRF3), which promote hydrolysis of the peptidyl-tRNA bond in the peptidyl transferase center (P-site) of the large ribosomal subunit. Therefore the stop codons do not have corresponding anticodons, instead they are matched by the release factors.

An anticodon is a sequence of three nucleotides found on tRNA, complementary to that of a corresponding codon in a messenger RNA (mRNA) sequence.

DNA Codon Chart / Table

DNA Codon Table
Codon Amino Acid
Name
Amino Acid
3-Letter Code
Amino Acid
1-Letter Code
TTT Phenylalanine Phe F
TTC Phenylalanine Phe F
TTA Leucine Leu L
TTG Leucine Leu L
CTT Leucine Leu L
CTC Leucine Leu L
CTA Leucine Leu L
CTG Leucine Leu L
ATT Isoleucine Ile I
ATC Isoleucine Ile I
ATA Isoleucine Ile I
ATG Methionine Met M
GTT Valine Val V
GTC Valine Val V
GTA Valine Val V
GTG Valine Val V
TCT Serine Ser S
TCC Serine Ser S
TCA Serine Ser S
TCG Serine Ser S
CCT Proline Pro P
CCC Proline Pro P
CCA Proline Pro P
CCG Proline Pro P
ACT Threonine Thr T
ACC Threonine Thr T
ACA Threonine Thr T
ACG Threonine Thr T
GCT Alanine Ala A
GCC Alanine Ala A
GCA Alanine Ala A
GCG Alanine Ala A
TAT Tyrosine Tyr Y
TAC Tyrosine Tyr Y
TAA Ochre (Stop Codon)
TAG Amber (Stop Codon)
CAT Histidine His H
CAC Histidine His H
CAA Glutamine Gln Q
CAG Glutamine Gln Q
AAT Asparagine Asn N
AAC Asparagine Asn N
AAA Lysine Lys K
AAG Lysine Lys K
GAT Aspartic acid Asp D
GAC Aspartic acid Asp D
GAA Glutamic acid Glu E
GAG Glutamic acid Glu E
TGT Cysteine Cys C
TGC Cysteine Cys C
TGA Opal (Stop Codon)
TGG Tryptophan Trp W
CGT Arginine Arg R
CGC Arginine Arg R
CGA Arginine Arg R
CGG Arginine Arg R
AGT Serine Ser S
AGC Serine Ser S
AGA Arginine Arg R
AGG Arginine Arg R
GGT Glycine Gly G
GGC Glycine Gly G
GGA Glycine Gly G
GGG Glycine Gly G
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Reverse Codon Table

Reverse Codon Table
Amino Acid Codons
START ATG
Ala, A GCT, GCC, GCA, GCG
Arg, R CGT, CGC, CGA, CGG; AGA, AGG
Asn, N AAT, AAC
Asp, D GAT, GAC
Asn or Asp, B AAT, AAC; GAT, GAC
Cys, C TGT, TGC
Gln, Q CAA, CAG
Glu, E GAA, GAG
Gln or Glu, Z CAA, CAG; GAA, GAG
Gly, G GGT, GGC, GGA, GGG
His, H CAT, CAC
Ile, I ATT, ATC, ATA
Leu, L CTT, CTC, CTA, CTG; TTA, TTG
Lys, K AAA, AAG
Met, M ATG
Phe, F TTT, TTC
Pro, P CCT, CCC, CCA, CCG
Ser, S TCT, TCC, TCA, TCG; AGT, AGC
Thr, T ACT, ACC, ACA, ACG
Trp, W TGG
Tyr, Y TAT, TAC
Val, V GTT, GTC, GTA, GTG
STOP TAA, TGA, TAG
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"DNA Codon Chart of Amino Acids (and Reverse Table as well)." Dashamlav.com. Web. 29 July 2021. <https://dashamlav.com/dna-codon-table-chart-amino-acids/>

Dashamlav.com, "DNA Codon Chart of Amino Acids (and Reverse Table as well)." Accessed 29 July 2021. https://dashamlav.com/dna-codon-table-chart-amino-acids/

"DNA Codon Chart of Amino Acids (and Reverse Table as well)." (n.d.). Dashamlav.com. Retrieved 29 July 2021 from https://dashamlav.com/dna-codon-table-chart-amino-acids/