Cells are the fundamental building blocks of a living organism. All types of organisms are made up of microscopic units called cells. Although cells in all sort of organisms share many similarities, but still there are a number of basic differences between plant cells and animal cells. Today we will learn these!
Differences between Plant Cells and Animal Cells
|A plant cell is surrounded by cell wall — which gives shape and rigidity to the plant cell. Cells wall also protects cell from external environment.
|Animal cells do not have cell walls around them. They are enclosed by cell membrane.
|Plant cells are often square/rectangular or polyhedron in shape.
|Animal cells are roundish or irregularly in shape.
|Plant cells are autotrophic. It means that they do not depend on other organisms to produce energy.
|Heterotrophic. Animal cells depend on other organisms to produce energy for their use.
|Store reserved food as starch.
|Store reserved food as glycogen.
|Nucleus is often located towards the periphery of the cell.
|Nucleus is located in the center of the cell.
|Present in fewer numbers.
|Present in large number.
|Present. Plant cells store energy in chloroplast.
|Absent. Animal cells store energy in mitochondria.
|Present in most of the animal cells.
|One (or few) big vacuoles present near the center.
|Smaller but many vacuoles present.
|Centrosomes / Centrioles
|Synthesis of Nutrients
|Being autotrophic, plant cells can synthesize all the amino acids, vitamins and coenzymes.
|Animal cells can not synthesize amino acids, vitamins and coenzymes. They depend for these on external sources.
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